January 2011 in Review

Turmoil in the Middle East didn’t stop U.S. stocks from posting a sizable January advance. The S&P 500 rose 2.26% on the month and the Dow and NASDAQ posted strong gains as well. We received encouraging news about home sales, retail sales, manufacturing and service sector growth and personal spending. There was a real sense that things were improving for American consumers and corporations.1

The big news to come our way in January was the big leap in consumer spending for December. We had the sense late in 2010 that consumers were readily opening their wallets and billfolds; the Commerce Department’s report of the 0.7% monthly gain in the category confirmed it. The Commerce Department also announced that consumer spending rose a very healthy 4.4% in the fourth quarter of 2010.2

January also brought a 0.4% drop in the jobless rate, but the news wasn’t as good as it seemed. Unemployment did fall to 9.4% for December as 453,000 people stopped receiving federal benefits, but only 103,000 people found new non-farm jobs. So the drop in the unemployment rate largely reflected job seekers giving up the hunt. Perhaps this was one of the reasons that the two major consumer confidence polls came to a split decision last month: the University of Michigan’s poll declined by 0.3 points in January, while the Conference Board’s poll reached an 8-month peak of 60.6.3,4,5

The Institute for Supply Management’s closely watched purchasing managers indexes showed further growth. The December service sector index rose 2.1% to 57.1; the January manufacturing index, which came out at the start of February, rose 2.3% to a mark of 60.8. A 0.6% December gain in retail sales corresponded with the jump in personal spending.6,7,8

Inflation picked up in December. The Consumer Price Index rose 0.5%, the biggest advance in 18 months – but core CPI advanced only 0.1%. The federal government’s Producer Price Index rose 1.1% for December with a 0.2% core PPI gain. Energy prices spurred much of the advances in both indexes. While overall durable goods orders fell 2.5% for December, they were actually up 0.5% with aircraft orders factored out.9,10,11

At January’s end, the European Financial Stability Facility (the rescue fund set up by the European Union last year) appeared to be shifting focus. The EU was said to be near an agreement by which the EFSF would buy bonds directly from fiscally troubled nations rather than offer bailout loans. At the end of January, the European Central Bank actually took a break from buying bonds from Greece, Ireland and Portugal. The ECB had already bought €76.5 billion of those bonds from May 2010 through January, and the EFSF is scheduled to be dismantled in 2013. EU Economic and Monetary Commissioner Olli Rehn commented that when it came to the sovereign debt crisis, “the worst could be over.” In other positive news, Germany’s jobless rate diminished to an 18-year low last month and the Markit Economics PMI hit a 9-month peak.12,13

Many Asian economies were celebrating rapid growth, while also contending with the rising prices that came with it. In January, South Korea noted a 46% year-over-year increase in exports, but its consumer price index posted a year-over-year gain of4.1% (the year-over-year gain had been 3.5% in December). Indonesia was facing 7% inflation. A hint of cooling came from China, where the China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing index fell to 52.9 from 53.9 a month earlier. Japan actually had its credit rating downgraded by Standard & Poor’s.14

Call it a relief rally, call it renewed optimism: many European indices did well last month, even those in fiscally troubled countries. The German DAX rose 2.2% and the French CAC 40 advanced 5.4%. The Dow Jones Stoxx 600 was up 1.5% last month, putting it up 7.0% across December and January. Spain’s Ibex rebounded 10.0% in January while the benchmark indices of Greece and Italy respectively rose 12.7% and 9.4% for the month. Notable January losers included the FTSE 100 in Great Britain (-0.6%) and the Sensex in India, which suffered a correction (-10.6%) thanks to pessimism over renewed inflation and rising interest rates. At the end of the month, it had fallen 12.4% from November highs. The MSCI World Index rose 2.19% last month while the MSCI Emerging Markets index fell 2.81% (measuring performance in U.S. dollar terms).15,16,17,18

Gold did poorly, oil did decently, and tin and cotton did amazingly well. Gold futures fell 6.1% last month, the first monthly loss for the precious metal since July 2010. In fact, it was gold’s poorest month since December 2009 and its poorest January since 1997. Silver also took a hit as investors turned back toward stocks and funds – it fell 8.9% last month. However, palladium was up 2.1% in January (for a 7-month winning streak) and platinum prices rose 1.3%. Tin prices rose 10.2% on the month, and copper pushed toward an all-time.19,20,21

Elsewhere, crude oil pulled off a 0.9% gain to get to $92.19 per barrel at the close on January 31. Cotton soared 16.0% and wheat prices gained 5.9% in January. The U.S. Dollar Index lost 1.5% for the month.19,22,23

New and existing home sales continued rebounding. Residential resales were up 12.3% for December, according to the National Association of Realtors. While the median sale price fell 1.0%, the excess inventory was also reduced to 8.1 months of supply compared to 9.5 months in December. The NAR also said pending home sales were up 2.0% in December – not quite the 4.5% gain analysts had expected, but still nice. As for new home sales, the Census Bureau noted that they jumped 17.5% in December. (Sales of new and existing homes were still respectively down 7.6% and 4.2% from a year ago.)24,25

Back on December 30, Freddie Mac found average interest rates on 30-year FRMs at 4.86%, 15-year FRMs at 4.20%, 5-year ARMs at 3.77%, and 1-year ARMs at 3.26%. By January 27, those rates had declined or held steady as follows: 30-year FRMs, 4.80%; 15-year FRMs, 4.09%; 5-year ARMs; 3.70%; 1-year ARMs, 3.26%.26,27

The S&P 500 recorded its first positive January since 2007 and its best January percentage climb since 2006. The DJIA had its best January in 14 years. At the end of the month, this was how things looked.1


DJIA +2.72 +2.72 +16.75 +0.92
NASDAQ +1.78 +1.78 +24.36 -0.26
S&P 500 +2.26 +2.26 +18.08 -0.58
10 YR TIPS 1.08% 1.29% 2.00% 3.52%
Sources: online.wsj.com, bigcharts.com, treasury.gov, treasurydirect.gov – 1/31/111,28,29,30
Indices are unmanaged, do not incur fees or expenses, and cannot be invested into directly.
These returns do not include dividends.

While Wall Street kept a close eye on the situation in Egypt at the end of January and the start of February, it wound up paying more attention to domestic economic indicators and earnings reports – the DJIA suffered only one triple-digit hit from the crisis. If stocks can suddenly navigate around a major geopolitical event with such ease, will that bode well for the rest of the year? While past performance is no barometer of future success, the historical data is encouraging: when the S&P 500 has posted a January gain, it has registered a yearly gain 81% of the time since 1928 (with an average yearly advance of 12.91%). The mood was more bullish than bearish at the beginning of February, with the Dow topping 12,000, the NASDAQ over 2,700 and the S&P 500 over 1,300.31




1 – blogs.wsj.com/marketbeat/2011/01/31/data-points-us-markets-342/ [1/31/11]

2 – marketwatch.com/story/us-consumer-spending-picks-up-in-december-2011-01-31 [1/31/11]

3 – blogs.forbes.com/johndobosz/2011/01/07/the-harsh-reality-of-the-falling-unemployment-rate/ [1/7/11]

4 – latimesblogs.latimes.com/money_co/2011/01/consumer-confidence-index-rises-job-market-outlook.html [1/25/11]

5 – marketwatch.com/story/us-consumers-sentiment-dips-in-january-2011-01-28 [1/28/11]

6 – ism.ws/ISMReport/NonMfgROB.cfm?navItemNumber=12943 [1/5/11]


This material was prepared by Peter Montoya Inc.  All information is believed to be from reliable sources; however we make no representation as to its completeness or accuracy. All economic and performance data is historical and not indicative of future results. Market indices discussed are unmanaged. Investors cannot invest in unmanaged indices. The publisher is not engaged in rendering legal, accounting or other professional services. If assistance is needed, the reader is advised to engage the services of a competent professional.

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